What are Categories
Categories allow you to group your post content into different sections. For example, if someone blogs about food then they could have their posts in categories such as desserts, appetizers, main dish, etc. If someone has a lifestyle blog then they could place their posts in categories such as wellness, travel, beauty, etc. You get the idea.
When creating a post and no category is specified, then the default ‘uncategorized’ will be used. I will explain a little later how to change the default category but first you will need to know how to create a category.
How to Create a Category
There are 2 different ways to create a category. You can create a new category when creating a post or directly from the category screen. Either of these 2 options will work.
| Option 1 – When creating a new post look for the Categories meta box on the right side of your screen. Click Add New Category to create a new category or choose an existing category by checking its box.
| Option 2 – This option is great if you want to pre-create all your categories before you create any posts. To get to this screen click on Posts then Categories (as shown in the photo below). Give your category a name and a description. You can also create your own slug but it’s not necessary. Most cases WordPress will use the name of your category for the slug. Click Add New Category when done.
How to Change the Default Category
Now that you know how to create your categories, you can change the default ‘uncategorized’ category (this is optional). If you would like to change the default category click on Settings then Writing. Choose your default category from the dropdown list next to Default Post Category. Then click Save Changes.
How to Use Categories
Categories can be displayed on your sidebar, footer, and your menu navigation bar. Here are 2 different ways to use categories.
| Option 1 – Add it to your menu bar. Click on Appearance then Menus. Click on the Categories tab, check the box next to the category of your choice, then click on Add to Menu. See the image below. Once you see the category added to your menu structure click Save Menu.
| Option 2 – Add it to your Sidebar or Footer. You can do this by going to Appearance then Widgets. Choose the Categories widget and add it to your sidebar or footer.